How to edit image metadata on Linux using a graphical user interface

Last updated on October 11, 2022

Image metadata is a complex field with multiple standards, the most important among them being Exif, IPTC-IIM and XMP. In this guide I try to find a solution to edit (read, modify, remove) image metadata (jpg, png, …) on Linux, if possible with a graphical user interface (GUI).

Many photo editors and image manipulation programs on Linux are capable to read and display Exif and XMP information. The GIMP can import and export .xmp files, but is unable to edit image metadata on-the-fly. Here is a screenshot of the GIMP’s “Image Properties” dialog:

The GIMP can show image metadata but is not capable of editig Exif or XMP

Same thing for Eye of Gnome (aka Image Viewer), gThumb and most photo managers on Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Fedora, and most Linux distributions: they all can read at least Exif, but can’t edit image metadata.

Edit image metadata in Linux (GUI)

Currently there are only three pieces of software who are capable of editing pictures metadata. One of them is not Free Software: XnView is an image organizer which has been around for decades and comes as a Freeware for non-commercial use.

Modify image metadata with XnView

Download and install XnView MP from the official website. Open and select (with Control or ⇧ Shift) one or multiple files in XnView’s file browser, right-click on them and select “Edit ITPC/XMP”. You’ll get the following dialog, which also allows you to batch edit metadata information.

Editing IPTC-IIM-XMP Information with XnView on Linux Mint, Ubuntu or Fedora

Saving metadata with XnView works fine, but I couldn’t figure out what kind of metadata I was editing. Was it Exif, XMP, or ITPC/IIM? The only solution was to edit and save changes, and later check the metadata information in an image viewer.

Also, adding Creative Commons license link in the Copyright field would create a dc:rights field, which is ok. The Credits and Source fields of the XnView metadata editor create photoshop:Credits and photoshop:Source metadata entries. I found no way to create dc:creator or dc:publisher XMP ITPC entries.

Modify image metadata with Darktable

Darktable is not a metadata editor, but an open source photography application and RAW developer. Install Darktable and import a bunch of files (lighttable/import module on the left side). Select one or multiple files and check out the “metadata editor” in the right sidebar:
Changing Exif metadata with Darkroom GUI on Ubuntu Linux

Unfortunately, Darktable is only able to edit a very limited set of metadata: title, description, creator, publisher, and rights. Batch edition is possible, though. Don’t forget to export through the “export selected” module. I had some trouble conserving the color space and ended up with considerably bigger image files (working with .png pictures) than the original after adding metadata.

Editing image metadata with Digikam

DigiKam is probably the most advanced photo editing software on Linux. It is written in QT for the KDE desktop environment, which is installed by default on Linux distributions as OpenSUSE, Kunbuntu and Mageia.

If you use Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Fedora, Debian with their default desktop environment (Unity, Cinnamon/Mate, Gnome), then installing DigiKam is not especially recommended, as it would come with huge dependencies.

DigiKam ist the best tool to edit image metadata on Linux

DigiKam’s Metadata Editor supports more than a few basic tags: a well-designed dialog makes editing EXIF, IPTC and XMP tags clear and understandable.

Conclusion on editing metadata on Linux via a GUI

If you happen to use KDE as your desktop environment, DigiKam is the best tool to edit image metadata. If you use Ubuntu, Linux Mint or any other distribution with another desktop environment, give XnView a try. Apart of its perfectible metadata editing capabilities, it happens to be a fantastic image manager and viewer.

In both cases, using command line tools may save you some time a the end. There are two GPL-Licensed powerful command line tools on Linux: Exiv2 and ExifTool. I ended up using ExifTool for my needs.

By Johannes Eva, April – October 2022

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5 thoughts on “How to edit image metadata on Linux using a graphical user interface”

  1. fotoxx lets you change Metadata info, and choose your current image’s Caption and Comment as well as view images in directories with filename and some other Metadata as labels. You can set up trees of tags with Categories and put those in at the same time, to use for sorting the images into “album” groups for moving or copying out. The code is gtk and perl with many filetype handlers. Your labeling is stored in plain text files, easy to copy out into documents, transfer, edit, etc.

  2. You should give some additional details, some tools write directly into the image file, others don’t. For example darktable does not change the original image, it writes into a sidecar file (.XMP).

  3. I don’t know whether you actually tested Gthumb or not, but your statement that it is only capable of reading meta tags, couldn’t be further from the truth. And it seems to do a fairly good while it is at it!

    All one have do is to press the ‘T’ key – either under the Thumbnail view or the “larger” view – and voilá: it reads any existing tags already embedded in the selected file. Next, you have to keep typing any new ones (just don’t forget to confirm, via the pull down list, to actually create any new tags) and you’re done.

  4. I would also suggest that MaPiVi is an excellent program which needs to be on this list. It’s capable of editing and bulk-editing many kinds of image metadata, including IPTC Keywords (which is why I got it). It’s written in Perl/TK so it’s cross-platform. A somewhat old version of it is included in the Ubuntu Linux distribution.

    One of the main drawbacks of MaPiVi is that it won’t handle the metadata in Nikon .NEF (raw) format files, which is pretty much the same as that in other formats such as JPEG.

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